Vaccination is very importnat your baby. Our body has a natural defense against infections. This is called immunity. When we have an infection, our body produces chemicals, which are called antibodies, to fight it.
These antibodies remain in our body even after the infection is cured. These make us immune to the organism that causes the infection. This immunity can remain with us for a short time or even for life.
Through vaccination, our body is exposed to infection, so that the body can develop immunity against it. Some vaccines are given orally, while others are given by injection.
The advantage of the vaccine is that we do not have to be completely ill to be immune to the infection. Even a mild infection can make us immunized against it through vaccination. Because of this, we become safe against that sick even before it happens.
Why is it so important to get your baby vaccinated?
Getting vaccinated in childhood makes a baby immune to potentially serious diseases early in life.
If your baby has been vaccinated against a disease, the chances of him getting that disease again are substantially less. This is because your baby has already produced antibodies against that disease.
Public immunization of all communities greatly reduces the chances of spreading an epidemic. It is only through such programs that diseases like smallpox and polio have been completely eradicated.
Why is it important for a child to have so many vaccines in the first few years of birth?
A baby’s immune system is developing in the early years after birth. For the first few months, the baby is protected from infections. Because when he grows in your womb and you feed him breastmilk, he gets antibodies from you. But later these antibodies start to wear off, and the baby needs to produce its own antibodies. Vaccines stimulate the baby’s body to develop these antibodies.
What are the different types of vaccination?
There are three types of vaccination:
Primary vaccination: This may include one to five doses. These doses begin at birth and continue for the first few years of his life. These develop immunity in the body of the baby against a particular disease. It is necessary to take all doses of these vaccines.
Booster Vaccination: Booster doses are given to enhance the effect of the primary vaccination. As time passes, the level of antibodies starts decreasing. As a result, the risk of getting diseases in the body increases. The booster dose maintains the required level of antibodies in the body.
Public Vaccination: This type of vaccination program is run to eradicate a particular disease from the root. Public vaccination programs are mostly run by the government for the health welfare of the people of the country. Large mother/smallpox and more recently polio have also been eradicated through such programs.
Is vaccination safe?
Experts agree that vaccination is completely safe for your baby. Vaccines are thoroughly tested before they are approved for use. These are continuously monitored to ensure that they are completely effective and safe to protect the baby from diseases.
Are there any other side effects of vaccination that I should know about?
You may be asked to stay in the doctor’s clinic for about 10 minutes after the vaccination. This is so that if the baby has a reaction to the injection, the doctor can check it immediately.
Vaccines given by injection may cause minor problems to infants and children. This can make them feel irritable and unwell. The injected site often becomes red and swollen. Your baby may also have a mild fever.
If your baby has a very high fever or has febrile convulsions, see a doctor.